La estructura de un ejercicio de listening del nivel C1 de las EOI, suele consistir en escuchar el audio tres veces, dejando unos minutos antes y después de cada escucha, para leer las preguntas y para ir respondiéndolas.
Por eso, ahora tienes primero el ejercicio, que consiste, en este caso, en completar los espacios en blanco en un texto con una o dos palabras que tengan un significado adecuado. A continuación está el audio y, por supuesto, al final, tienes las soluciones, que, en este caso, incluyen la transcripción del audio, para que puedas comprender plenamente cuál es el origen de cada una de las soluciones:
You are going to listen to a radio show on censorship in the U.S. Fill in gaps 1-9 in the summary with a maximum of two words. Number (0) is already solved.
FREE SPEECH ADVOCATES, PUBLISHERS WRESTLE WITH QUESTION OF CENSORSHIP
According to some people who defend free speech, Donald Trump is ignoring the First Amendment.
PEN America is organizing a (0) _protest_ with some writers in New York. Suzanne Nossel, executive director of PEN, believes that threats to free speech originate in three sources: President Trump’s words to the press, news that are (1) __________, and trolling on social media. She thinks social media is not only a great (2) __________ for free speech but, also, a threat to it.
Milo Yiannopoulos is a controversial editor. He was thrown out of Twitter due to a (3) ___________ against a black actress. Yiannopoulos has irritated a lot of people with his (4) __________, considered by many as racist, misogynistic and anti-immigrant. Now Simon and Schuster is going to publish Yiannopoulos’s book, thereby drawing (5) __________ and calls for a boycott of the publishing house.
Dennis Johnson, head of an independent publisher, says the protesters don’t deny Yiannopoulos’s right to (6) __________ but he stresses the outrage many feel about Simon & Schuster’s decision to act as a vehicle of Yiannopoulos’s ideas.
The National Coalition Against Censorship, or NCAC, argues that, if the boycott against Simon & Shuster is eventually carried out, it will have a (7) __________ on publishing. Joan Bertin, executive director of the NCAC, warns against the possibility of protests being conducive to censorship. She claims that attempts at censoring (8) __________ will not make it disappear. Harmful ideas, he adds, should be put into question, not silenced.
Dennis Johnson vindicates the right to protest. According to him, hate speech, mustn’t enter the (9) __________.
CLAVES PARA LA CORRECCIÓN
|6||publication / be published|
|8||hate / hateful speech|
Writers and publishers are grappling with how to approach free speech in a Trump presidency. Some free speech advocates see the president-elect’s hostility towards the media and his tweets personally attacking his critics as evidence that he is, at best, insensitive to the First Amendment. At the same time, the publishing world is debating the decision by Simon & Schuster to publish a book by social media provocateur Milo Yiannapoulos, whom some accuse of hate speech. NPR’s Lynn Neary reports.
LYNN NEARY, BY LINE: PEN America, an organization dedicated to defending the right to free speech all over the world, is starting to pay more attention to what’s happening on the home front. This coming Sunday, PEN is co-sponsoring a protest (0) which will bring a host of well-known writers to the steps of the New York Public Library to protest threats to free expression.
NEARY: Suzanne Nossel is the executive director of PEN America. Nossel sees these threats coming from several directions – the president-elect’s attacks on the press and his critics, the proliferation of fake (1) news and the pattern of trolling on social media.
NOSSEL: People feel more free to speak their mind even if it crosses what would have been considered boundaries of hatred or racism or misogyny. And so I think it then becomes incumbent on others to speak more loudly.
NEARY: But the job of advocating for free speech has become ever more complicated in the age of social media, which Nossel says can be both an incredible tool (2) for free expression and a threat to it.
NOSSEL: It has a dampening effect on the depth of discourse, can lead to this kind of online mobbing and trolling where someone who says something controversial is then targeted, ridiculed. So this is not about the government silencing speech, but it’s about speech silencing other speech.
NEARY: Perhaps no one has crossed the line on social media more boldly than Milo Yiannapoulos, who was kicked off Twitter after he spearheaded a nasty campaign (3) against black actress Leslie Jones.
NEARY: Yiannapoulos, an editor of the ultra-conservative Breitbart News, seems to take delight in infuriating people with remarks (4) that are viewed as racist, misogynistic and anti-immigrant. So it’s not surprising that Simon and Schuster’s decision to publish his book drew strong criticism (5) and calls for a boycott of the company. Dennis Johnson is the head of Melville House, a small independent publisher.
DENNIS JOHNSON: Nobody in the protest is saying you have no right to be published (6). You have no right, Simon & Schuster, to publish this guy – and this guy you have no right to be published. Nobody’s saying that. What they’re saying is, we’re shocked and we’re outraged that you would stoop so low to make a buck as to publish this purveyor of vile hate speech.
NEARY: Johnson is highly critical of a statement issued by the National Coalition Against Censorship on behalf of a number of industry groups representing publishers, authors and booksellers. The NCAC said anyone has a right to call for a boycott of Simon & Schuster but that such a protest will have a chilling effect (7) on publishing. Joan Bertin, executive director of the NCAC, says similar protests have already led to censorship.
JOAN BERTIN: We know of instances in which books that contain certain kinds of content have been shelved, deferred, redacted, edited deeply to remove content people might object to.
NEARY: Both the NCAC and PEN America say the best response to hate speech is not more censorship.
BERTIN: Trying to suppress hateful speech (8) doesn’t make it go away. I mean I think, you know, the whole idea of free speech require us to be active participants. And when we hear ideas that we think are bad and harmful, it requires us to say why, not just say shut up.
NEARY: But publisher Dennis Johnson says another equally important right is at stake here – the right to protest.
JOHNSON: This is not about censoring right-wing voices. This is about combating hate speech and its entry into the mainstream (9).
NEARY: Lynn Neary, NPR News, Washington.
Como habrás observado, en los ejercicios de listening es esencial estar atento, al mismo tiempo, de lo que dice el audio y del significado del texto que estemos manejando, por lo que este significado debe estar bien claro desde el principio.
A continuación, puedes hacer otros ejercicios del nivel C1 de inglés.