Habitualmente, para el caso del nivel avanzado, B2, de las EOI, la estructura de un ejercicio de listening consiste en:
- unos minutos para leer las preguntas
- escuchar el audio por primera vez
- un pequeño periodo para ir respondiendo las preguntas
- escuchar el audio por segunda vez
- terminar de responder a las preguntas
Todo esto suele hacerse en un tiempo entre 15 y 25 minutos.
Por eso, ahora tienes primero el ejercicio, que consiste, en este caso, en elegir la respuesta correcta a varias preguntas y, a continuación, el audio. Por supuesto, al final, tienes las soluciones y, en este caso, además, la transcripción del audio, para que puedas comprender plenamente cuál es el origen de cada una de las soluciones:
You are going to listen to an extract about the sinking of a ship called “The Eastland” and choose the correct option A, B, or C for each of the sentences or questions 1 – 10. Only ONE option is correct.
1. What is the last factor mentioned for the sinking of The Titanic?
C. a crack in the ship
2. The Eastland was …
A. a cruise ship
B. one of America’s safest ways to travel
C. used to transport passengers and goods
3. The ship was …
A. too wide and long
B. too short and wide
C. too long and narrow
4. When the deck of The Eastland started to wear out …
A. a new building material was used
B. it was replaced with expensive wood
C. cement was added under the waterline
5. The Eastland …
A. added some more lifeboats in 1911
B. was built with enough lifeboats for all her passengers
C. had to be adapted to follow a new American regulation
6. The Western Electric Company …
A. charted two passenger ships
B. took The Eastland to Lake Michigan
C. hired The Eastland for its staff and their relatives
7. When the Eastland started to sink it was …
A. slightly flooded
B. behind other ships
C. tied up in the harbour
8. Some passengers of The Eastland …
A. spoke different languages
B. tried to cut holes to escape
C. tried to help those who were trapped
9. People stopped boarding the ship because …
A. they didn’t have enough time
B. the ship was already crowded
C. they saw what was happening on board
10. According to the recording, both disasters were partly caused by …
A. the weather
B. a human error
C. the freezing waters
THE EASTLAND. ANSWERS:
CLAVES PARA LA CORRECCIÓN
THE EASTLAND. Transcript:
The Titanic was the newest, most luxurious passenger ship on the seas when it was launched. Yet it sank on its first voyage. Why?
There were many factors. To begin with, it was night. The hole in the hull was just long enough to sink it. Another ship was near enough to see the Titanic’s flares for help, but failed to come to her rescue.
Yet there was one more factor: human error. The ship was moving too fast for the dangerous waters. If the Titanic had been moving more slowly, the calamity might never have happened. (1A)
A similar tragedy occurred in the harbour of Chicago, in the United States, three years after the Titanic sank.
The Eastland, a passenger ship, was built in 1903. It was popular for vacations (2A) on the water before the automobile became America’s way to travel. But even from the first day, there were concerns about the Eastland’s safety. The ship was 82 metres long but had a width of only 11 metres. She was more than seven times longer than she was wide. (3C) Despite early fears, however, the Eastland was a profitable passenger ship for more than a decade.
By the end of the 1914 season, though, the teak deck of the Eastland was wearing out. Instead of replacing it with expensive hardwood, a new wonder material, cement, was chosen (4A). Cement decking added much weight, high above the waterline.
After the Titanic sank in 1912, new United States laws required ships to carry enough lifeboats for all passengers. The Eastland had to add many more lifeboats, (5C) all of them on upper decks — making the ship more top-heavy than ever. This last change made the ship vulnerable.
But even this combination of problems — design flaw, short-sighted maintenance, concrete above the water line, and new lifeboat laws — were not enough to cause a tragedy. The last factor was human error.
On 24th July 1915, the Western Electric Company of Chicago chartered the Eastland and two other passenger ships for a private voyage for employees and their families on Lake Michigan (6C).
The Eastland was the first ship in line in the harbour. Thousands of people wanted to board the ship as quickly as they could. There was no real control of the number of people boarding. Authorities estimated that close to 2,500 people crowded onto the Eastland’s decks and bridges while the ship was still anchored at the dock (7C). As more climbed aboard, the ship began to roll ever so slightly. The roll sped up until the ship turned over in the harbour. Some passengers jumped off, some were thrown off. Hundreds of others were knocked unconscious, or trapped below decks.
Many people couldn’t swim, and the foreigners among the passengers made communication difficult. (8A) Nearby ironworkers rushed to the floating keel and began cutting holes in it to help those trapped below deck. But it was too late.
About 835 people died that day, virtually all of them passengers. Who could imagine such a loss of life in the harbour, in front of a calm lake?
Most frightening of all, the Eastland passengers did not die at night. They did not die in the freezing waters of the North Atlantic. Rather, it was on a hot summer day, only a few feet from safety, in front of other horrified passengers who would have boarded the fated ship — had there been time (9A).
Como habrás observado, en los ejercicios de listening es esencial estar atento, al mismo tiempo, de lo que dice el audio y de qué tenemos que responder en las preguntas, por lo que éstas deben estar bien claras desde el principio.
A continuación, puedes hacer otros ejercicios del nivel avanzado de inglés.