Este ejercicio de reading de nivel B1 consiste en elegir una respuesta, de las tres que se ofrecen, a cada una de las preguntas, basándonos en el texto que se proporciona. Como siempre, lee las preguntas y las respuestas antes de leer el texto, con el fin de que sepas qué tipo de información necesitas para contestarlas.
Aquí tienes el texto, las preguntas y, a continuación, sus soluciones:
For questions 1-10, choose the option (a, b or c) that fits best according to the text. Number 0 is the example.
Traffic problems around the world
The story of traffic problems in Brazil’s biggest city, Sao Paulo, which suffers jams of up to 180km at some points in the week, brought a worldwide response from readers. Here are some of their gridlock stories.
Bangkok traffic problem has been getting worse since the government introduced a policy to refund tax for first-time car buyers.
Coupled with the Thai aspiration to own a car and get some status, this policy has resulted in five million vehicles in a city which can only cope with less than two million cars.
Once I got into a jam in downtown Bangkok, when I spent almost two hours moving less than a kilometre.
Sometimes, my colleagues have arrived at work up to four hours late. I think the city should be more serious about public transport. People have better things to do than sit on the roads for hours every day.
Two or three weeks ago, travelling from Pathum Thani to central Bangkok, it took four and a half hours for a journey which usually takes less than an hour.
Sirithep Vadrakchit, Thailand
Indonesians living in Jakarta have their own word for traffic jam – the inevitable «macet».
Your life is planned around the traffic jams which often continue through the day. Travelling even short distances can take hours and some parts of the city are in a constant state of jam.
Unfortunately there is little alternative. Public transport is poor and even recent initiatives such as a trans-Jakarta bus lane are inefficient and even contribute to the problem by clogging intersections and reducing road space while moving comparatively small numbers of people.
Last week I went out to visit our new house. My driver got lost and ended up in Ciputat, a suburb notorious for traffic, and it took us about 30 minutes to cover 2km. Two hours to work in Sao Paolo? It’s the stuff of dreams.
Allan Bell, Jakarta
The worst thing that the British colonialists left us with were the roundabouts.
These are the main source of traffic problems in Nairobi since the place to which you are headed may be very clear, but because the cars already in the roundabout have the right of way you are forced to wait.
Unpredictable traffic is the way of life here. Even if a place is only a kilometre away, you are safer leaving your house an hour ahead of time or even just walking. But laziness and pride makes walking to be frowned upon.
The worst traffic jams are every Friday – when it rains even a little, you can even sleep in the road.
Arthur Buliva, Nairobi
In Manila, the traffic congestion used to be unbelievable.
My worst-ever commute was 10 years ago, on my way home. We left Pampanga at 5.30pm and arrived home in Las Pinas City at 1.30am.
But congestion has begun to ease a bit with an odd/even scheme, which forbids car owners to hit the road one day a week.
If your registration plate number ends in the numeral one or two, then you’re not allowed to use your car on a Monday.
If your plate number ends in three or four, you can’t drive on Tuesday, and so on.
However, during weekends, the scheme is suspended, allowing everybody to use the road, and that’s when you’re back to reality.
0. How long can traffic jams be in Sao Paolo?
1. Bangkok’s government gives money back …
a. when you only have one car.
b. when you buy another car.
c. when you buy your first car.
2. Bangkok has … the city can manage.
a. less cars than
b. the maximum number that
c. more cars than
3. What is the latest people have arrived at work in Bangkok?
a. 2 hours.
b. 3 hours.
c. 4 hours.
4. People in Bangkok would like to…
a. spend time doing better things on the road.
b. do other things instead of sitting in the car.
c. do things sitting.
5. Jakarta buses …
a. help the flow of traffic.
b. don’t help the flow of traffic.
c. take little road space.
6. Why is the bus service in Jakarta not so effective ?
a. Because few people travel by bus.
b. Because only poor people travel by bus.
c. Because too many people travel by bus.
7. People in Nairobi think roundabouts are …
a. very good.
b. very bad.
c. only good, if you know where you are going.
8. People in Nairobi prefer to be seen …
a. in a car.
b. on foot.
c. on Fridays.
9. In Manila, it is prohibited to drive your car …
a. once a week.
b. at the weekend.
c. on Mondays.
10. In Manila on Sundays …
a. people ignore the scheme.
b. anyone can drive their car.
c. only cars with a numberplate ending in 9 or 0 can circulate.
CLAVES PARA LA CORRECCIÓN
Como la mayoría de las veces, en los ejercicios de reading de nivel B1 de las EOI, la clave consiste en entender el significado de las frases, de modo que podamos identificar esos significados en el texto principal, pero expresados de maneras distintas.
Si ya lo has resuelto, puedes continuar con más ejercicios del nivel intermedio de inglés.